1 day in Macau for the History Geek

History Geek [his-tuh-ree geek]
Someone who has excessive enthusiasm for and some expertise about history.

Way before the Portuguese arrived and dominated Macau, the peninsula and its ports served as a trading ground between the East and West because of its strategic geographical location. Some of the items traded back then includes silk from China and spices from India and and a handful of other produce from the Western countries.

And because of that, Macau literally became the crossroads for the East and West cultures and eventually, the city ended up adopting all these different cultures during its development and growth with a strong fusion of both the Chinese and Western influence.

For that, Macau has so much to offer for a history geek with a foodie deep down inside!
And here’s my rendition of how your day as a history geek and foodie should go!

8:00 AM Breakfast at Sheng Kee Porridge 盛記白粥

I always feel that in order to truly experience and learn about a new country or city you are visiting for the first time, may it be the history or culture, you have to go right down to the roots of everything and try to blend in with the locals.

And there is no better way than to join them down at their favorite breakfast haunt and start your day right with a hearty breakfast!

Breakfast at 盛記白粥
Breakfast at 盛記白粥
Sheng Kee Porridge 盛記白粥
Address: 14 Rua dos Cules, Macau
Opening Hours: 7:00am – 12:00mn daily

Breakfast at 盛記白粥
The menu at Sheng Kee Porridge was pretty simple and straight forward and it did not take us too long before we derived at our choices. Here’s a quick look at some of my personal favorite during our breakfast at Sheng Kee Porridge…

豬腸粉|Breakfast at 盛記白粥
豬腸粉 Chee Cheong Fun

炸腸 | Breakfast at 盛記白粥
炸腸 Fried Chee Cheong Fun

These Chee Cheong Fun (Rice noodle roll) at Sheng Kee Porridge is made up of thick and slightly chewy rice noodles with rich fragrance of rice. And there are actually two variants of chee cheong fun available at this breakfast joint. One is the regular chee cheong fun we all know jolly well and the other comes with a piece of dough fritters wrapped inside! And let me show you how you should enjoy your chee cheong fun!

炸腸 | Breakfast at 盛記白粥
Step 1: Coat your chee cheong fun with generous amount of peanut sauce.
Step 2: Drizzle enough dark sweet sauce over.
Step 3: Roasted Sesame seed!

I know chee cheong fun is pretty common in Singapore and we have a couple of places serving them like this as well but I think the peanut sauce that is served at Sheng Kee Porridge is pretty incomparable. It was somewhere between sweet and savory, thick but not overwhelming that perfectly compliments the chee cheong fun together dark sweet sauce.

鹹肉粽 | Breakfast at 盛記白粥24295569_o
鹹肉粽 | Breakfast at 盛記白粥
鹹肉粽 Cantonese Rice Dumplings

I am actually quite a fan of rice dumplings if we can forget about the carbo and calories in them! And what more can I ask for when these Cantonese Rice Dumplings comes with a filling of ground green beans, salted egg yolks and a fatty piece of pork belly which is then paired with peanut sauce and a dark sweet sauce! Anyway, the additional of the peanut sauce and dark sweet sauce is optional just like the chee cheong fun but pretty much recommended!

羅白糕 | Breakfast at 盛記白粥
萝卜糕 Carrot Cake

This might look nowhere close to being the most scrumptious but never underestimate this unappealing looking pile of carrot cake on the dish! Imagine a fluffy and smooth cake that melts in your mouth and at the same time releasing a robust carrots and shrimps flavor.

燒賣 | Breakfast at 盛記白粥
燒賣 Siew Mai

Although the most authentic siew mai is usually served with minced pork, Sheng Kee Porridge serves theirs with a mix of homemade fish and squid paste. In other words, you will have varying textures chewing on bits of fish and squid as you munch into the siew mai! Love it!

p.s. Did the greedy in me make me mention everything on the table? Hehe!

9:30 AM Heritage Trail (Penha Church, Lilau Square, Mandarin’s House & A-Ma Temple)

After a satisfying breakfast, take a walk down south and embark on a heritage trail to help digest all the goodies you inhaled! First stop, perched and located high up on Penha Hill, Chapel of Our Lady of Penha or more commonly known as Penha Church!

Chapel of Our Lady of Penha (Penha Church) 主教山小堂
Heritage Trail - Penha Church
Heritage Trail - Penha Church
Penha Church was first founded in year 1622 by the crew and passengers of a ship which had a narrow escape from being captured by the Dutch. And following that, it became a place of pilgrimage for sailors and travellers embarking on hazardous voyages.

Today, the vicinity now has a small chapel that replaces the original church.

Heritage Trail - Penha Church
One of the many stairways you have to take to get to Penha Church…

Heritage Trail - Penha Church
Imperial Guardian Lions spotted!

A true sign of the fusion of both Eastern and Western cultures and beliefs!

Anyway, the walk up Penha Hill might be 15 minutes worth of an uphill ascend and really quite steep and challenging at certain areas, but I always felt that it was all worthwhile!

Heritage Trail - Penha Church
The spacious courtyard in front of the chapel…

Heritage Trail - Penha Church
A scenic view of Macau, Praia Bay and Taipa Island!

And yes, this is what I am trying to say! The tiring uphill walk is all worthwhile because of this spectacular view you can get from the courtyard in front of the church! By the way, there are benches at the courtyard where you can sit, take a break from the walk and enjoy the view at the same time!

That is exactly what I did anyway and I got quite mesmerized that I end up sitting there for a quite a while actually!

Lilau Square 亞婆井前地
Take a walk back down Penha Hill and swing by the corner over to the next stop at Lilau Square that is located at the foot of Penha Hill!

Heritage Trail - Lilau Square
The area around Lilau Square was one of the first Portuguese residential quarters in Macau with a Mediterranean atmostphere and the ground water of Lilau used to be the main source of natural spring water.

The square is now punctuated with large trees providing a good coverage of shade that surely makes Lilau Square an ideal place to take a break after the exhausting climb to see Penha Church and quench your thirst with the water from the fountain there! Just kidding! Please do not take me seriously for what I just said! You definitely can quench your thirst at Lilau Square at the booth there selling snacks and drinks though!

Heritage Trail - Lilau Square
Knock knock 37 Largo do Lilau… Anybody home?

Heritage Trail - Lilau Square
Can’t help but to find this granny very familiar looking. I guess I might have seen her around in Macau during one of my visits. Hmmm…

Mandarin’s House 鄭家大屋
Cross the small street from Lilau Square into the alleyway perpendicular to the square and find yourself at the doorway of Mandarin’s House!

Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
Mandarin’s House is a traditional Chinese residential compound home of prominent Chinese literary figure, Zheng Guanying. It consists of several courtyard houses with a mix of Chinese and Western detailing.

During my first two visits, I could not comprehend what is so special about the development or who exactly Zheng Guanying is that makes the compound deserve almost nine years worth of research and restoration.

And for the third and the best visit to Mandarin’s House yet, we were so honored to be joined by Carla, the main lady behind the restoration project, who walked us around and showed us Mandarin’s House in detail!

Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
These photos of the family and the re-erected moon gate at Mandarin’s House were actually taken during my second visit with them. And in retrospect, the original moon gate was initially torn down to provide for a bigger entrance to the house when the Zheng family moved out of the compound and rented the development to some 300 tenants at one point of time.

And the restoration team managed to determine the the location and shape of the original moon gate via the foundations of the original gate and the few pieces of stone (which lines the bottom half of the moon gate now) found just beside it.

Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
Stone benches at the front courtyard of Mandarin’s House.

And thanks to Carla and her patience despite our relentless silly questions, I actually learnt that Zheng Guanying was a very noble man who advocates that a country must create wealth to become strong; and wealth comes from encouraging economic and industrial developments, putting emphasis in education, quicken legislation, respect ethics and political reformation. And because of his influence, Macau managed to grow and prosper to what it is today.

Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
Heritage Trail - Mandarin's House
Inside the compound with the countless of details that I used to overlook

Aside from that, I started to take note of details like the strong family values and philosophies the Zheng family carved on the pillars of Yu Qing Tang 餘慶堂, one of the main halls in the house, or and even their signature on some of the furnitures recovered. All in all, I can’t help but to have so much respect for Zheng Guanying and his philosophies and I secretly felt so honored to be able to stand on the grounds that the man had stood on before! Mandarin’s House is now more than just another conserved historical house to me!

Anyway they have got a very informative webpage on Mandarin’s House complete with illustrations and photographs. Check it out at this link if you are interested to learn more!

Moorish Barracks 港務局大樓
Following the traffic direction on the street between Lilau Square and Mandarin’s House and just a stone throw away, you will arrive at Moorish Barracks, a very unique architectural masterpiece that stands out from the buildings commonly seen around the area.

Heritage Trail - Moorish Barracks
Heritage Trail - Moorish Barracks
The building located on a slope of Barra hill has a strong Arabian and Gothic architectural influence as it was originally constructed to accommodate an Indian regiment assigned from Goa to reinforced Macau’s police force. The building currently serves as the headquarters of the Maritime Administration in Macau.

A-Ma Temple 媽閣廟
And still following the traffic direction and walking down the street all the way down Barra Hill, you will find yourself at a very important place in the Macau history!

Heritage Trail - A-Ma Temple
Yes, I think a visit to the A-Ma Temple is a must to sum up your heritage trail!

The temple, that is dedicated to the seafarer’s goddess A-Ma, existed way before the city of Macau was founded. And when the Portuguese sailors first arrived at the coast just outside the temple and asked for the name of the peninsula. The natives, thinking that the Portuguese were referring to the temple, replied, “媽閣” (Maa Gok) and the Portuguese derived at naming the peninsula “Macao” thereafter.

Now, the temple is both a famous and picturesque destination for tourists and locals alike may it be to ask for a blessing or just visiting the place that helped to give the city its name!

Heritage Trail - A-Ma Temple
And every time I chance upon this shot of mine again, I will be asking myself the same question since I have yet to decide what I will like to wish for. How about you? Given the blessing trinket at the temple and that restricted amount of space to write your wishes on, what will you wish for?

1:00 PM Lunch at Ou Mun Cafe 澳門咖啡

You probably will be famished by the time you are done with the heritage trail on foot, so what better choice will it be than to settle down in a cosy cafe and fill that stomach with a good round of authentic Portuguese dishes!

Lunch at Ou Mun Cafe
Ou Mun Cafe 澳門咖啡
Address: 12 Travessa de Sao Domingos, Macau
Opening hours: 10:00am to 9:00pm daily

Lunch at Ou Mun Cafe
Lunch at Ou Mun Cafe
We all know jolly well that Macau was dominated by Portuguese for a big part of their history and it is definitely no surprise that you will be able to find a handful of restaurants or cafes serving up traditional and authentic Portuguese dishes, just like at Ou Mun Cafe that is located in the heart of Macau and just steps away from iconic Senado Square and Ruins of St. Paul’s!

And so to speak, some of the traditional Portuguese dishes are Cozido a Portuguesa (Portuguese Stew), Caldo Verde (Portuguese Kale soup) and Ameijoas a Bulhao Pato (Clams in White Wine), just to name a few. Besides that, there were other noteworthy dishes like this one we chanced upon during our visit to Ou Mun Cafe!

Francesinha | Lunch at Ou Mun Cafe
Francesinha | Lunch at Ou Mun Cafe
Francesinha, which translates as Little Frenchie, is a Portuguese sandwich that is basically made up of a burger steak and sliced chipolata sausages sandwiched between two thick toasts then topped with a thick blanket of melted cheese and a sunny side up on top and served in an awesome beer sauce and French fries on the sides! Ultra sinful but ultra yummy!

We were actually headed for coffee and desserts during this visit but you just have to trust the sharp eagle eyes of the foodies in the group to spot the other table digging into their order of the Francesinha! Hehe! Cheese, eggs, thick toasts, beer… All my favorite stuffs combined in one dish!

Lunch at Ou Mun Cafe
Lunch at Ou Mun Cafe
At Ou Mun Cafe, they offer their coffee the Portuguese way! Well, I am not a coffee drinker to be able to tell the difference but I guess you should probably end off your gratifying lunch with your favorite choice of coffee and an egg tart or two if you like.

3:00 PM Museum of Macau 澳門博物館 & Mount Fortress 大炮台

After lunch at Ou Mun Cafe, spend the rest of your afternoon at the Mount Fortress where you will be able to immerse in more of the history of Macau in the Museum of Macau located within the fortress that was built by the Jesuits in the 17th century and served as the city’s principal military defence for almost three centuries!

Museu de Macau (Museum of Macau)
Museu de Macau (Museum of Macau)
Address: 112 Praceta do Museu de Macau, Macau
Opening Hours: 10:00am to 6:00pm (Closed on Mondays)

Museu de Macau (Museum of Macau)
One of my favorite exhibits in the museum is on the first floor within the Genesis of Macao region where there are cute scale models illustrating the scene of the Portuguese first arrival on the peninsula and the stories of other major events in the history of Macau!

Museu de Macau (Museum of Macau)
Life size model that displays the different architectural styles Macau had adopted in the past.

Museu de Macau (Museum of Macau)
There were also exhibits displaying the arts and traditions in Macau like these traditional Chinese puppets. And I have to say that it was pretty creepy standing there among the puppets that are about the size of a young kid actually!

By the way, the museum offers free admission on the 15th of every month! Time your trip to Macau if you will really like to visit the Museum of Macau or otherwise, simply pay an affordable fee of MOP 15 (approximately SGD$2.50) for an adult admission!

Fortaleza do Monte (Mount Fortress)
Mount Fortress

And when you are done at the museum, don’t forget to take a walk up to the roof deck of Mount Fortress where you will still be able to see the canons lined up against the fortress wall and all ready to fire! Well of course, these canons are no longer working anymore so no worries and go ahead and take your selfies with them!

View from Fortaleza do Monte (Mount Fortress)
View of Macau from Mount Fortress

I guess it’s probably because of the landform of the Macau peninsula all in all but you will be surprised how this tiny city can offer so much scenic and beautiful views of the city from a handful of vantage points located all around the island. Find out where else you can get beautiful views here at my previous post!

5:00 PM Ruins of St. Paul’s & Museum 大三巴牌坊

Perhaps you would have already spotted a stone wall standing tall and proud in close proximity among the other buildings in from Mount Fortress and I strongly urge you to head over and have a closer look!

Ruins of St. Paul's
The Ruins of St. Paul’s used to be a church designed by an Italian Jesuit and also the Colleague of Jesuits in China back in the early 17th century and on the wall of the facade, the carvings illustrate the history of Christianity in Asia with an incorporation of Biblical quotations in Chinese and Japanese chrysanthemums and also bronze statues of missionary saints. It was a grand and impressive first Church in Macau, until a fire broke out in 1835 and destroyed everything but the main facade and the grand staircase right behind it.

Ruins of St. Paul's
Extra efforts were put in to maintain the facade but surviving through all these years, the facade is pretty much just like an old folk needing a walking stick, it now requires additional structure for support.

And of course, I did not see the facade when it was first built but something tells me that the weathered look for the stone wall as well as the details etched on it makes the architecture look even more remarkable now.

Ruins of St. Paul's
The Ruins of St. Paul’s after dark.

To be honest with you, I actually prefer seeing Ruins of St. Paul’s after the sun has gone down, which is also when the crowd will finally disperse. Needless to say, there will still be a couple of tourists dropping by or some locals hanging out with their dogs. But in my opinion, this is the best time when serenity and tranquility will return to the vicinity around the icon and then you will be able to get up close and personal with the ruins without having to look out for other excited tourists and their cameras!

Ruins of St. Paul's
Ruins of St. Paul's
No hassle at all trying to get that mandatory photo with the icon of Macau when you visit the city!

By the way, the Ruins of St. Paul’s is not all just about a stone wall. There is actually a Museum of Sacred Art installed in the original crypt of the church that houses silver altar pieces, gilded statues and paintings from the 17th century.

However, the museum is open only during the day time so if you are dropping by late in the evening or at night, you are most likely going to miss it.

6:00 PM Senado Square 議事亭前地

Largo do Senado (Senado Square)
Largo do Senado, or also known as Senado Square, is Macau’s main square where it had been a civic hub for centuries. It is now pedestrainized and paved with wave-patterned Portuguese mosaics, complete with an iconic fountain, cafes, shopping streets and space for public events.

And the best thing about Senado Square is that it is strategically located among numerous attractions of Macau. From churches with rich history and cultures to UNESCO world heritage sites to great food! You name it all! If you will like to find out more, check out my detailed writeup on Senado Square here!

Largo do Senado (Senado Square)
Feast of the Drunken Dragon 2013 [Read my writeup here…]

Largo do Senado (Senado Square)
Decorations for Christmas 2014

And so I’ve seen Senado Square in three different seasons now! Spring when it was left just as it is, summer when it was turned into an event ground for the Feast of the Drunken Dragon festival and now (early) winter with pretty Christmas decorations and lighting! Paired with the cold weather that is absolutely just right for me, this is by far the most favorite transformation of Senado Square!

7:30 PM Dinner at Brother Zheng Gourmet 正哥美食

With a blink of the eye, we are nearing the end of the day and it is dinner time already! And just like breakfast, you have got to head on down to the popular dinner and supper haunt in Macau that is about two blocks away from Senado Square!

Anyway, I have no idea how you define comfort food but for me, nothing beats ending a long day with a bowl of piping hot soup! Or perhaps, a personal sized hot pot boiling on an electric stove on the dining table in front of you at Brother Zheng Gourmet!

Dinner at 正哥美食
Address: 37A Rua do Padre Antonio, Macau
Opening Hours: 5:00pm to 3:00am daily

Dinner at 正哥美食
Dinner at 正哥美食
They serve up a good range of choices at Brother Zheng Gourmet, they have got hot pots, clay pots and other stir-fried dishes, but don’t be flustered! Stick with the hotpot and start off with a “preset” on the menu that will give you one choice of meat or innards paired with a suitable soup base. And in case you will like to anything else, the soup is refillable and you can always order an ala carte for whatever you want to be cooked in your personal pot!

If you ask me, my choice will be the pig innards served in a peppery chicken broth (tastes like an extremely flavor-packed bak kut teh) then topped up with an additional order of vegetables and their homemade fish paste!

9:30 PM Post-dinner dessert at Hang Heong Un 杏香園

Chinese desserts are a Cantonese specialty and to conclude your day after going around and seeing Macau as History geek, I don’t think you should forgive yourself if you are going to pass on having a post-dinner dessert!

Dessert at 杏香園
Hang Heong Un 杏香園
Address: 13 Travessa do Auto Novo, Macau
Opening Hours: 2:00pm – 1:00am daily

Dessert at 杏香園
Hang Heong Un offers an extensive menu of approximately 60 different combinations of desserts based a large variety of Chinese desserts like almond paste, walnut paste, peanut paste, red bean soup, coconut soup, papaya soup and a few others. But they are actually famous for their almond paste as well as desserts that is supposed to enhance your health and beauty when you eat them.

Anyway, I am not much of an almond paste kind of person so on my first visit, I picked out a hot bowl of water chestnut sweet soup with chunky bits of water chestnuts in it! Really very yummy and super comforting especially on a cold winter day! And with a satisfied tummy like that, I guess you are all ready to head back to have a good rest!

Alternatively, you can pop over to the ever famous Yee Shun Diary Company that is well within walking distance also to grab yourself a hot bowl of 燉奶 (Steamed milk)!

Dessert at 義順牛奶公司
熱紅豆雙皮燉奶 Steamed Milk with Azuki Red Beans

Yee Shun Diary Company 義順牛奶公司
Address: 381 Av. de Almeida Ribeiro, Macau
Opening Hours: 9:30am to 11:00pm

Rua da Felicidade 福隆街
A postcard with Rua de Felicidade 福隆新街

Just to add, Rua de Felicidade (Happiness Street) is just nearby to either places I had mentioned for post-dinner desserts! So in case you need to take a walk to free up some stomach space for desserts, you can drop by and check out the street that used to be a place of prostitution, gambling, opium and drinking! Really a one stop place to have some joy and fun! Hehe!

1 day in Macau for the History Geek
Map with the places mentioned in this post plotted!
Click for an enlarged view!

p.s. Thank you MGTO for having me in Macau once again!

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